Experts in cassava research have identified low productivity of cassava roots as major threat to Nigeria’s cassava industry.
According to the Researchers, the development if not curtailed could impede gains made in the sector, thereby putting Nigeria at risk of becoming net importer of staple crops for its rising population particularly in the cities.
Grown by over 4.5 million people in Nigeria, cassava is a major food crop, contributing to food security and income for millions of people but the productivity of the crop in Nigeria is low—12-13 tons per ha.
Director with the Global Cassava Partnership for the 21st Century (GCP 21), Dr Claude Fauquet, said: “This low productivity cannot support Nigeria in the next 34 years.”
Addressing participants at the just concluded workshop at IITA, Ibadan, Oyo State with the theme: “Integrated System for an Effective Cassava Production in Africa,” he explained that the development is a threat to food supply.
Dr Fauquet said: “By 2050, Nigeria’s population will rise to 400 million, meaning that we will have more mouths to eat cassava and cassava products such as gari, fufu among others. With the current cassava productivity of 12-13 tons per hectare, cassava cannot sustain this huge population.”
Elsewhere in Asia, according to a statement issued by Communication & Knowledge Exchange Expert at International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Godwin Atser, cassava productivity has hit more than 20 tons per ha, adding that nation such as Thailand is “today a major exporter of cassava products such as starch”.
Dr Fauquet said Africa, and Nigeria in particular, has the land, youth and climate to achieve the same feat such as Thailand. “The question is: Why is this not happening?” he remarked.
Besides the rising population, Dr Fauquet noted that urbanization would trigger the migration of more than 50 percent of Nigeria’s population to cities which would leave a labour vacuum in the rural areas – a situation that would further exacerbate the problem of cassava production in the country.
He however said Nigeria could address the challenges by investing in the research for development of cassava along the value chain.
Specifically, he said, investments in improved varieties, weed control, best agronomic practices, and mechanization could change the outlook of cassava, “Other areas that need attention include access to credit, markets and cooperatives.”
Dr Fauquet called on the Nigerian government and donours to invest in research and development to put cassava ahead.
Dr Kenton Dashiell, IITA Deputy Director General, Partnerships For Delivery, who represented the Director General, Dr Nteranya Sanginga said cassava is an important crop for Nigeria and it was important that researchers were thinking about its future.
He commended the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation for investing in cassava production along the value chain, and called on the government of Nigeria to consider upscaling some of the proven technologies such as cassava mechanization, weed management, improved seeds at IITA, and best agronomic practices to farmers across the country.
Dr Alfred Dixon, Project Leader for the Cassava Weed Management Project described cassava as a “poverty fighter,” emphasizing that investment in cassava would help Nigeria to tackle the twin problem of hunger and poverty, and youth unemployment.
The workshop in Ibadan attracted participants from the private sector, development partners such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and IFAD, and farmer organizations.
Photo Caption:L-R– Jacob, Enock, Denis, Claude and Kenton